Error referencing an inner class View in layout/main.xml


I create a subclass of view as an inner class in my Activity. Before I simply linked to this view from my activity with:

setContentView(new CustomView(this));

without problems.

Now, however, my view is getting more complex so I am making it part of a FrameLayout so that I can make this the base view and add a Spinner widget on top of it. The problem is, when I do this I get an error:

java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo{com.grafightscratch.ochemmer/com.grafightscratch.ochemmer.MoleculeTablet}: android.view.InflateException: Binary XML file line #4: Error inflating class com.grafightscratch.ochemmer.MoleculeTablet.MoleculeTabletView
Caused by: android.view.InflateException: Binary XML file line #4: Error inflating class com.grafightscratch.ochemmer.MoleculeTablet.MoleculeTabletView
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.grafightscratch.ochemmer.MoleculeTablet.MoleculeTabletView in loader dalvik.system.PathClassLoader@43b74a28

So- this view worked before when I linked to it directly, but when I tried to add it in the main.xml file as part of a framelayout I got the above error. I also tried putting into a layout with only it being displayed via:


Nothing works. I keep getting the InflateException/ClassNotFoundException errors. It complains about "line #3" in the binary XML file, and if it is talking about main.xml that is the package declaration which I have triple checked.

EDIT I tried making this view a separate class (ie- not an inner class) and it works. After some searching around I found some posts saying that the xml tag should look like this:

<com.grafightscratch.ochemmer.MoleculeTablet$MoleculeTabletView ...>

Ie, a dollar sign should be used to separate the innerclass from the main class. However, Eclipse barfs on this, calls it an error, and refuses to let me build or deploy with that character there. So now the question becomes: how does one reference a View that is an inner class?

Asked by: Julia838 | Posted: 25-01-2022

Answer 1

For inner classes the syntax becomes:

<view class="com.grafightscratch.ochemmer.MoleculeTablet$MoleculeTabletView" />

The reason is that $ is an illegal character in XML tags.

Answered by: Ted115 | Posted: 26-02-2022

Answer 2

I was having the same issue. The syntax in the XML file was correct, however.

What ended up resolving the issue for me was that the inner class needs to be declared as static. For example:

public static class myWebView extends WebView

Answered by: Catherine342 | Posted: 26-02-2022

Answer 3

for inner class :

<view class="{package}.{ParentClass}${innerClass}" />

and for inner class , you must declare your class :

public static InnerClass

static is require .

Answered by: Melissa812 | Posted: 26-02-2022

Answer 4

<view xmlns:android=""
     android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:id="@+id/name" android:visibility="visible" android:layout_gravity="bottom" android:layout_height="fill_parent" android:focusableInTouchMode="true"

this code worked for me. When i left out some of the elements like layout_width my program crashed. I also had to make my view class static in order for it to work. In the end It would have been the same if i just took it out of its nest. The android note example uses a nested class.

Answered by: Alina239 | Posted: 26-02-2022

Answer 5

Here are some key points to make a custom view inside an inner class...

public static class MainClass {
        public class SubClassView extends LinearLayout {
           public SubClassView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
                super(context, attrs);

The layout should be as follows:

<view class = ".MainClass$SubClassView"

Java class

  • static is required
  • constructor with AttributeSet is required (at least one)

XML file

  • view tag (with lower case NOT View) is required
  • class tag with the path to your inner class, using
  • $ instead of "." before your SubClassView name

Answered by: Aida930 | Posted: 26-02-2022

Answer 6

You need to specify the fully qualified name of your view class in the XML for inflation to work and View Class to be found by the Runtime System.
Since you have declared your View as inner class of your activity the fully qualified name would be: <your_package_name>.OuterClassName.InnerClassName

Are you sure com.grafightscratch.ochemmer.CustomView is the fully qualified name of your class?

EDIT: Thanks for reminding me of this. When the views are declared as nested classes there is a slight aberration, see Use Custom component of this document.

Answered by: Connie629 | Posted: 26-02-2022

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